Geller Labs
Geller Labs

GELLER Labs "Backyard Science"

Thoughts on a proton precession magnetometer design - a Proton Magnetometer Project. Build an Earth's field magnetometer.

The FDM MAGNETOMETER project is a low cost high performance proton magnetometer (a digital magnetometer) kit under development for universities and amateur scientists to be able to accurately measure and monitor changes in the Earth's total magnetic F field and to observe geomagnetic storms. Magnetic storms can cause large excursions in the field and are of concern to interests ranging from electrical power grids, radio communications, and satellite operations, to aurora watchers and amateur radio operators.


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References / Links: (this page is new, under construction)

Instrumentation References

We use the Varian/Packard Polarization Field Fast Turn-off Technique: A. Abragam, The Principles of Nuclear Magnetism (Oxford Press, 1961), pages 64-65.

Estimate your local Magnetic Field: NOAA's National Geophysical Data Center (NGDC) Estimated Values of Magnetic Field

Geomagnetic Indices

K, Kp: Table of the Geomagnetic K index, discusses the K-index, the relationship between K, Kp, and estimated Kp, the relationship between K and A, and the relationship between the NOAA G-scale and Kp. The K index table can be found from the NOAA Boulder Magnetometer webpage, which is linked to the NOAA / Space Weather Prediction Center Space Weather Alerts, Geomagnetic K-indices web page. NOAA magnetic (geomagnetic) storm "G" scale (G1 to G5) definitions. IAGA indices. The NOAA / Space Weather Prediction Center page Top News of the Day page looks like a good source for analysis, warnings, and predictions of geomagnetic activity. The NOAA pages we have referred to often in the past, the Wing Kp index, the SWN page, the event time line, and especially the Geomagnetic K-indices page (a record of past and averaged activity), appear to be better reports of geomagnetic events after they have started, and less useful for event prediction. Also, you can sign up for NOAA space weather alerts at the NOAA SWPC Product Subscription Service. After you sign up for the email notifications (bottom of the SWN page) be sure to go to the "subscription" page to check off which categories of the many types of notifications that are available that you want to receive (or, you get nothing). The "Report of Solar Geophysical Activity" (RSGA) email provides a particularly informative daily synopsis.

From an AGU note, there is a new U.S. Space Weather related website. The Unified National Space Weather Portal provides a gateway to access federally funded space weather information, services, and activities.

Our local space weather as represented by the total geomagnetic field ("F" scalar) here in upstate, NY, US generally tracks the Natural Resources Canada Ottawa (OTT) station magnetograms (about 200 miles north). The NRCan Current Space Weather page, and the NRCan regional geomagnetic conditions and forecasts for Eastern North America.

Rice University Space Weather forecast based on ACE satellite data with dials and stop light. An email warning service is provided, see the bottom of the forecast page.

The Solar Influences Data Analysis Center (SIDC) of the Royal Observatory of Belgium offers a wide variety of related products as well as an email subscription program with a variety of products available (click on "(un)subscribe" to subscribe). Also, mentioned in a comment by Jean Lilensten in response to an IEEE Spectrum article, is a link to a related journal, the Journal of Space Weather and Space Climate (SWSC), which appears to offer articles under a free access model (no pay wall), good news for amateur scientists, many of whom do not have access to a university library account!

IAGA (International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy)

The IAGA publication, Guide for Magnetic Measurements and Observatory Practice by J Jankowski and C Sucksdorff (1996), provides a very informative survey of geomagnetic instrumentation including proton magnetometers. The technical review is clear and concise, albeit now dated as to electronics and signal processing algorithms. It is a must read for those interested in building and operating an amateur geomagnetic observatory. IAGA Division V, Geomagnetic Observatories, Surveys and Analysis Link 2010 Conference papers / slide shows Link

ISES (The International Space Environment Service)


Applications of low field NMR

What’s in that bottle? Michelle Espy, James Hunter and Larry Schultz, Phys. Today 67, 6, 62 (2014)

also, see our Wednesday, November 25, 2009 online journal notes on fluid testing and NMR T2


Aurora Links

OVATION Auroral Forecast, very cool!

Aurora Oval, Space Weather Prediction Center

Aurora Forecast, Geophysical Institute, University of Alaska Fairbanks

Mark Haun's optical Aurora Alarm Walla Walla, WA, USA


NMR / MRI Introductory Materials

Most readers of our project will probably want to view this very informative series of You-TubeTM videos by the Magritek Corporation (no affiliation). These videos provide an excellent non-mathematical and very intuitive introduction to basic NMR and MRI principles.


Assembled PPMs priced for the amateur archeologist or geologist offering DeepGeoTech Magnetometers (Carl Olsen)


Project Articles!

Project Documentation (very early stages)

Past Project Journal Notes


QUESTIONS/COMMENTS/notice of typos, etc. send email to joegeller at gellerlabs dot com

COPYRIGHT © 2009, 2010 JOSEPH M. GELLER, All rights reserved.

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